Average Annual Returns
Returns are calculated by subtracting the value of a share at the beginning of the period from the value at the end and dividing the difference by the initial value, expressing the result as a percent change. The calculation assumes that all distributions during the period have been reinvested on the payable dates, at NAV or at market price according to how the returns are labeled. NAV returns reflect the deduction of management fees and expenses. NAV and Market Price returns do not reflect broker sales charges or commissions and would be lower if they were deducted. Net asset value (NAV) is total assets less total liabilities divided by the number of shares outstanding.